Grass­roots Radio (GR) will start in three rur­al com­mu­ni­ties: the islands of West­ern Ire­land, the Danube Delta in Roma­nia, and the island of Madeira in Por­tu­gal. Often called “periph­er­al,” these com­mu­ni­ties are typ­i­cal­ly not con­sid­ered epi­cen­ters of new tech­nol­o­gy devel­op­ment. The needs for com­mu­ni­ca­tion is no less in such com­mu­ni­ties, though they are dif­fer­ent. While the tech­nol­o­gy being devel­oped will work just as well in more urban areas, we are devel­op­ing GR to work in rur­al areas first.